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Plai Essential Oil, Wild, Thailand
Plai Essential Oil, Wild, Thailand
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Name       Plai Essential Oil, Wild, Thailand

Category  Essential Oils

Species    Zingiber cassumunar Roxb., fam. Zingiberaceae

Part          Root

Country    Thailand

Code        ZinCas9


Plai Essential Oil, Wild, Thailand

Plai Essential Oil, Wild, Thailand, (Zingiber cassumunar), in Aromatherapy for inflamed joints, under a certified aroma therapist direction Plai has been found to ease the pain for up to 18 hours.

Key Constituents:

Sabinene [25-45%]

Gamma-Terpinene [5-10%]

Alpha-Terpinene [2-5%]

Terpinen-4-ol [25-45%]

[E]-1(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl) butadiene - in text as DMPBD [1-10%]

General Description:  Plai Essential Oil is steam distilled from the rhizome and has a pale amber color.  The scent is a cool, green peppery one with a touch of a bite.

Actions:  Analgesic, anti-neuralgic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, anti-viral, carminative, digestive, diuretic, febrifuge, laxative, rubefacient, stimulant, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge.

Applications:  Aches and pains, inflammations, joint problems, muscle spasms, sprains and strains, torn muscles and ligaments asthma, catarrh, chronic colds, colic, constipation, diarrhea, fevers, flatulence, heartburn, immune problems, influenza, nausea, respiratory problems.

Aromatherapy:

Vancouver, Canada

  1. Analgesic, Anti-Neuralgic, Anti-Inflammatory, Sprains and Strains, Torn Muscles and Ligaments:  For inflamed joints, under a certified aroma therapist direction Plai essential oil has been found to ease the pain for up to 18 hours.  This is incredible since no other essential oil has been found to change pain levels.  On joints that were inflamed due to injury, Plai and an approved carrier was best combined with essential oils such as Black Pepper oil and Lemon oil or Neroli oil, Himalayan Cedar oil, and Orange oil.  These combinations worked to take swelling down, calm pain and speed up healing time considerably.  Dilutions were one bottle of 10% concentration in a vegetable gel and a small roller bottle with no dilution - blends were all oils equal parts.  

Berkley, USA

  1.   Post Operative Surgical:  Plai oil, Nutmeg oil and Lemon oil have been used as a post operative surgical blend on a knee surgery.  These were equal amounts in 10% concentration in a     roller bottle and applied above and below the surgical area.  Tissue inflammation and swelling was significantly lower than in an area that had significantly lower than in an area that have had the same surgery without the use of the Plai oil.  With the Plai blend, no normal narcotics were needed to control the post surgical pain.

Vancouver, Canada

  1. Anti-histaminic:  Plai oil, while being of the ginger family, does not possess the classic heat that is common to the rhizomes.  It has a cooling action on inflamed areas, be it joints and muscles or kidneys and lungs.  Clients have found that using Plai oil for asthma along with Tarragon (or Rosemary oil) and Cypress oil causes the attacks to greatly diminish in intensity.  

Vancouver, Canada

  1. Irritable Bowel Syndrome:  With digestive upsets, Plai oil along with Black Pepper oil, Orange oil, and Tarragon oil, has been used to counter irritable bowel syndrome.  This blend was used across the abdomen after each bowel movement or anytime there were any cramping or pain in the abdominal area.  Within three applications, all problems calmed down.

Vancouver, Canada

  1. Menstrual cramping:  has had the same relief from a blend with Linden Blossom, Plai oil, Marjoram oil, and Orange oil.  This was applied across the lower back and front abdomen every 15 minutes until pain subsided.  It was found that after three applications all cramps ceased and blood clots diminished.

France

  1. Dr. Daniel Penoel and Pierre Francome, Ph.D. in "L'aromatherapie Exactement":  Zingiber cassumunar Roxb. is anti-inflammatory, carminative, antipyretic, and a bronchodilator.  They suggest that it could be useful for asthma, digestive problems, dysmenorrhoea, and inflammation of the colon.

Safety Data

Vancouver, Canada & Berkely, USA

No side effects were recorded.  LD50=2.15 g/kg

Resource Data

  1. Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research at Chatuchak - "...has done research on the anti-inflammatory activity of essential oil of Z. Cassumunar.  The most active component DMPBD was twice potent that reference drug DICOFENAC (VOLTAROL)..." (NB: Diclofenac (or Voltaroloedema formation, as it is probably better known), a phenylacetic acid derivative, is a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID).  It is used mainly as the sodium salt for the relief of pain and inflammation in various conditions: Musculoskeletal and joint disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis; peri-articular disorders such as bursitis and tendinitis; soft-tissue disorders such as sprains and strains; and other painful conditions such as renal colic, acute gout, dysmenorrhoea, and following some surgical procedures.  Plai oil has also been used in some countries for the management of fever.  Diclofenac diethylamine is used topically as a gel containing the equivalent of 1% diclofenac sodium for the local symptomatic relief of pain and inflammation.  Voltarol is presently one of the strongest known antinflammatory drugs available, but several adverse effects have been reported [Wilkens, RF, Worldwide clinical safety with diclofenac, Semin. Arthritis Rheum. 1985; 15 (suppl.1): 105-10].)  
  2. Thai Institute in Chiang Mai:" ...Using the model of carrageen-induce hind paw oedema in rats, individual assessment of the topical anti-inflammatory activity of the five major components of the oil demonstrated that DMPBD, Terpinen-4ol and a-Terpinene significantly inhibited oedema formation, whereas Sabinene and g-Terpinene were inactive up to 6mg...".
  3. Early study, the anti-inflammatory activity of DMPBD, found in the hexane extract of Z.  Cassumunar, was assessed using various inflammatory models in comparison with asprin, indomentacin and prednisole.  Results; anti-inflammatory effect mediated prominently on the acute phase of inflammation..."
  4. Masuda, T., A. Jitoe, et al. (1995).  Isolation and structure determination of cassumunarins A,B, and C:  New anti-inflammatory antioxidants from a tropical ginger, Zingiber cassumunar.  Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 72(9): 1053-1057. {a} Faculty of Human Life Science, Osaka City Univ., Sumiyoshi, Osaka 558, Japan.
  5. Jitoe, A., T. Masuda, et al. (1994), Novel antioxidants, cassumunarin A,B, and C, from Zingiber cassumunar.  Tetrahedron Letters 35(7); 981-984, {a} Dep. Bot., Univ. Tex., Austin, TX 78713, USA
  6. Masuda, T. and A. Jitoe (1994).  Antioxidative and antinflammatory compounds from tropical gingers:  Isolation, structure determination, and activities of A,B, and C, new complex curcuminoids from Zingiber cassumunar.  Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 42(9):  1850-1856. {a} Fac. Human Life Sci., Osaka City Univ., Sumiyoshi, Osaka 558, Japan.
  7. Piromrat, K., M. Tuchinda, et al. (1986).  Antihistaminic effect of "Plai" (Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.) on histamine skin test in asthmatic childern.  Siriraj Hospital Gazette 38(4): 251-256.
  8. Chem. Pharm. Bull (Tokyo) 1991 sep; 39(9): 2353-6  Anti-inflammatory effect of Zingiber cassumunar Roxb. and its active principles. by Ozaki Y, Kawahara N, Harada M. Division of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, National Institute of Hygienic Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.
The present study was carried out to elucidate the anti-inflammatory effect of the methanol extract obtained from the rhizomes of Zingiber cassumunar Roxb. and its active principles.  The methanol extract was partitioned between ether and water, and then the ether-soluble fraction was extracted with n-hexane.  Three compounds were isolated from the n-hexane-solible fraction and the chemical structures of these compounds were identified as (E)-1-(3,4-dimethoxphenyl) but-1-ene, (E)-1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl) but-1-ene, (E0-1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl) butadiene and zerumbone.  The anti-inflammatory activity of these fractions was investigated on carrageenin-induced edema in rats, as well as on acetic acid-induced vascular permeability and writhing symptoms in mice.  The methanol extract (p.o.) showed both anti-inflammatory activity and analgesic activity.  These activities shifted successively to ether-soluble and n-hexane-soluble fraction and to (E)-1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl) but-1-ene, (E)-1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl) butadiene and zerumbone.  The anti-inflammatory activity of these fractions was investigated on carrageenin-induced edema in rats, as well as on acetic acid-induced vascular permeability and writhing symptoms in mice.  The methanol extract (p.o.) showed both anti-inflammatory activity and analgesic activity. These activities shifted successively to ether-soluble and n-hexane-soluble fractions and to (E)-1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl) but-1-ene.  These results suggest that the anti-inflammatory action and analgesic action of Zingiber cassumunar is the result of the (E)-1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl) but-1-ene that it contains.
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Essential Oils Safety & Disclaimer:
This information is for educational purpose only, it is not intended to treat, cure, prevent or, diagnose and disease or condition.  Nor is it intended to prescribe in any way.  This information is for educational purpose only and may not be complete, nor may its data be accurate.  
As with all essential oils, never use them undiluted.  Do not take internally unless working with a qualified and expert practitioner.  Keep away from children.  If applying an essential oil to your skin always perform a small patch test to an insensitive part of the body (after you have properly diluted the oil in an appropriate carrier.  
These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA.  These products is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.  Please consult a health care professional if you are pregnant or have any serious medical conditions. 
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